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A Methodology to Learn Lessons from How Community Empowerment through Digital Innovation in Water and Sanitation Sector has Changed Human Behaviour

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A Methodology to Learn Lessons from How Community Empowerment through Digital Innovation in Water and Sanitation Sector has Changed Human Behaviour

Dr. Saket Pande; hydrologist and water economist at Delft University of Technology, Netherlands (TU Delft) since 2010.

Speaker Bio

Saket Pande’s project experience include assessment of impacts of climate change on agriculture and health in Benin, anthropogenic influence (grazing) on land degradation and water resource availability in Ethiopia and assimilation and harmonisation of data sets from variety of sources and scales using a software that he co-developed. At Delft University of Technology, he is involved with the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda of the United Nations and is investigating aspects of coupled human-water systems such as adoption of household water treatment systems, links between population growth and water scarcity, behaviour of smallholder farming in India, valuation of water in Indian and Lebanese basins, global P recovery from waste water for agriculture, and coupled system modeling of rural-urban migration in Jiangsu province of China. Saket has been closely involved with sociohydrology and Panta Rhei, the new scientific decade (2013-2022) of IAHS on coupled human water systems. Currently Saket is leading TU Delft contribution to a major water conservation project on smallholder sustainability in India. He is an associate editor of Journal of Hydrology, Hydrological Sciences Journal and Frontiers in Water.

About this talk

The Government of India has set an ambitious target to end open defecation across India. AMMACHI Labs’ approach to ending open defecation in rural India is based upon a collaborative framework that trains women to build their own toilets, through their ICT based training model that has already demonstrated success in empowering marginalized communities.  There is broad literature that highlights that individual and household psychology underpins WASH behaviour and adoption of related technologies, such as cVET and building toilets accordingly. Several conceptual models exist to analyse the behaviour. One established model is Risk – Attitude – Norms- Ability – Self regulation (RANAS) model that systematically identifies, measures and integrates behavioural and contextual factors to assess behaviour at an individual scale.

This presentation motivates the use of RANAS model to understand how cVET blended training program (ICT blended with hand-on training) is successfully (or not) leading to the adoption of wise sanitation practices by households in the targeted communities. The aim is to present an environmental psychology based methodology to learn from the success and challenges of implementing the training program in the communities and implement best strategies to maximize successful adoption of the program in other target communities. This is done by providing examples of field applications of the model in other human water use behaviour contexts, such as adoption of household water treatment technologies, efficient irrigation practices and conservation of ground water resources in countries such as Nepal, Indonesia, India and Vietnam.